How can one apply for an interim injunction in a civil case in India?

How can one apply for an interim injunction in a civil case in India?

Obtaining an Interim Injunction in Indian Civil Litigation

An interim injunction, also known as a temporary injunction, is a critical yet nuanced remedy available in Indian civil proceedings. It serves to restrain a party from a specific action until the final adjudication of the underlying dispute. However, securing an interim injunction requires satisfying a well-established legal threshold.

Threshold for Granting an Interim Injunction

Indian courts adhere to a strict tripartite test when considering an application for an interim injunction. The applicant must convincingly establish the following:

  1. Prima Facie Case: The applicant must present a credible legal case supported by sufficient evidence, demonstrating a strong likelihood of success in the main suit. This necessitates presenting a clear and concise legal argument along with relevant documentation.

  2. Balance of Convenience: The court evaluates the potential harm each party might face if the injunction is or is not granted. The applicant must demonstrate that the inconvenience caused by the injunction to the defendant is outweighed by the potential harm they would suffer if the injunction is denied.

  3. Irreparable Injury: It is crucial to establish that the potential harm to the applicant, if the injunction is not granted, cannot be adequately compensated by monetary damages awarded in the final judgment. This harm must be demonstrably severe and irreversible.

Procedure for Obtaining an Interim Injunction

  1. Engaging Legal Counsel: Due to the complexities involved, seeking guidance from a qualified advocate is imperative. They will assess the merits of your case, determine the suitability of pursuing an injunction, and navigate the legal intricacies of the process.

  2. Drafting the Petition: Your advocate will draft a meticulously crafted petition outlining the nature of the dispute, the specific act sought to be restrained by the injunction, and a compelling argument based on the aforementioned tripartite test.

  3. Filing the Petition: The petition is filed with the appropriate court, usually the court where the main civil suit will be instituted.

  4. Hearing and Order: The court may grant an ex parte interim injunction (without the defendant's presence) in urgent situations. However, a hearing with both parties is standard. Following the arguments, the court will decide on granting the injunction and define its scope and duration.

Additional Considerations

  • Evidentiary Support: A well-prepared petition is bolstered by robust evidence in the form of affidavits and relevant documents substantiating your claims.

  • Security for Costs: The court may require the applicant to furnish security (a monetary deposit) to safeguard the defendant from potential loss if the injunction is subsequently found to be wrongly granted.

  • Time-Bound Nature: Interim injunctions are temporary measures, typically lasting until the conclusion of the lawsuit or further orders from the court.


Obtaining an interim injunction in India is a strategic legal maneuver. While this overview provides a general framework, consulting a qualified advocate is paramount for tailored guidance specific to your unique circumstances. Their expertise will be invaluable in navigating the legal landscape and maximizing your chances of securing a favorable outcome.

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